Microbiology

Our microbiology service has been completely overhauled and we are confident that our clients will benefit from the reports which now routinely include interpretive comment. We operate on the principles of ‘systematic bacteriology’ whereby appropriate pathogens are sought based on the site sampled and any pertinent clinical history.  In such a system, we will automatically set up cultures for those micro-organisms that may be associated with a particular clinical presentation or history and according to the site sampled.  There is no additional charge over and above the basic cost in most instances, the chief exception being when Mycobacterial culture may be a differential.

Susceptibility to at least 10 routinely used antimicrobials, tailored to the site of the infection, is included, as is testing against any antimicrobial drugs that you are currently using, or plan to use.  An extended panel of susceptibilities is routinely reported for multi-drug resistant isolates.  Additionally all samples are cultured for pathogenic yeasts, including essentially lipophilic and lipid-dependent species of Malassezia, and ALL staphylococcal isolates are screened to determine whether or not they are meticillin-resistant strains.

At CAPL we offer an extremely cost effective microbiology service, but, importantly, we do so without compromising the quality or turn-around time of the results.  Our reports carry interpretive comments, when appropriate, and, because microbiology testing can be run in conjunction with our partners well-established diagnostic histopathology and cytology service, the true significance of the isolates can often be determined.

All microbiology submissions are considered on a case-by case-basis, applying the principles of ‘systematic microbiology’, wherein cultures for those particular pathogens that may be associated with a specific site or clinical presentation are routinely sought at no additional cost to our clients.  We believe this provides the most comprehensive and cost effective microbiology service available.

What do We offer?

Microbiological Culture

Routine culture of swabs, tissues, fluids, washes, etc ., for ALL organisms of veterinary importance, including the higher bacteria (Actinomyces, Nocardia, Streptomyces & Mycobacteria spp.), Mycoplasma, dermatophyte and other fungi (e.g. Aspergillus spp.), anaerobes,  lipophilic and lipid-dependent Malassezia spp., etc.  In a great number of instances (depending upon the site sampled and the history provided) all of this is included in the initial ‘culture & sensitivity’ request, thereby incurring no additional charges.

(1) Meticillin resistance screening in staph. isolates showing two putative MRSA (blue) and one MRSP (white).

(2 & 3) Positive D-test in a strain of Staphylococcus aureus, and negative D-test in a strain of Staphylococcus pseudintermedius, both isolated from the a tissue biopsy from the same animal (canine).  This test detects the presence of a gene encoding for inducible resistance to clindamycin, and is performed on all staphylococal isolates.  A positive result suggests clindamycin should not be used for in-vivo therapy, despite apparent in-vitro susceptiblity to that agent

(4) Trichophyton mentagrophytes (obverse and reverse of colonies), a dermatophyte (‘ringworm’) fungus.

(5 & 6) ESBL screening in multi-resistant Escherichia coli. (5) CTX-M type ESBL-producing strain  and (6) ESBL-negative strain. Detection is based on clavulanate augmentation of suceptibility to third and fourth generation cephalsporins.

All isolates are routinely screened to determine whether they may be multi-antimicrobial resistant bacteria, such as meticillin-resistant staphylococci (of all species, including MRSA and MRSP), Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase (ESBL)-producing coliforms, Vancomycin-resistant enterococci etc.

We are also actively engaged in a number of studies, the findings of which are regularly presented at scientific meetings, or published in the scientific press.

Full urinalysis

Culture & direct sensitivity testing, microscopy, USG, dipstick analysis, myoglobin, cytology, calculus analysis, etc.

Faecal analysis

We are also pleased to offer a ‘Zoonosis Screening Package’ which has proven particularly popular with zoos, petting zoos etc. This is useful in screening for those pathogens that may be zoonotically transmitted from an animal in one of these centres to a member of the visiting public. As ‘back yard farming’ is also gaining popularity, we find our Faecal Worm Egg Count service to be of value to anyone who keeps equines, alpacas, goats, chickens etc.

Analysis for ova, cysts and parasites, enteric pathogens (Salmonella, Campylobacter, Yersinia spp., etc), Baermann’s examination for Metastronglye larvae, toxin testing in Clostridium spp. etc.

Please Note: Our CEMO registered laboratory is in Poulton. We also offer testing for EVA, EIA etc.

Don’t forget to label all samples.

Please telephone the laboratory if you cannot see the tests you require or if you have a specific profile requirement.

Please feel free to contact us to discuss your specific testing requirements further, or to request our comprehensive, cost-effective price list.